¿Manchas en la piel? Causas y tipos comunes

Spots on the skin? Common causes and types

Skin spots are a common dermatological concern that can affect people of all ages and skin types. In this article, we explain the causes of skin spots and explain some of the most common types.

Causes of skin spots

  • Sun exposure: Prolonged and unprotected exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays can cause the appearance of skin spots known as solar lentigines . These spots usually appear in areas with the greatest exposure, such as the face , hands , and shoulders .

  • Age spots: As we get older, the skin becomes more sensitive and that is why we usually get spots due to wilting, either due to sun exposure or poor skin care over the years, they usually appear from of 50 years.
  • Birthmarks: Birthmarks are present at birth or appear soon after. They can be classified into two categories: vascular birthmarks, caused by abnormal blood vessels, and pigmented birthmarks, caused by an overgrowth of pigment-producing cells.
  • Acne Spots: Acne spots, commonly known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), can occur after an acne breakout. They are flat or raised spots that result from increased melanin production in response to inflammation. If you want to know more about acne in adults, we recommend you read another article titled; Hormonal acne in adults, what it is and how to prevent it .

Common types of skin spots

  • Freckles: They are small , flat spots of a tan or light brown color. They are usually genetic and are accentuated by sun exposure .
  • Moles: Also known as nevi, they are common skin growths composed of melanocytes. They can be brown , black , or flesh -colored, and vary in size and shape. While most moles are harmless, changes in size , shape , or color should be monitored.
  • Lentigines or liver spots: These are flat , tan or brown spots that often appear on sun-exposed areas. They are associated with aging and prolonged sun exposure .
  • Cherry angiomas: Cherry angiomas are small , bright red spots caused by an overgrowth of blood vessels in the skin. They are usually harmless and can appear anywhere on the body.

Skin spots can be a dermatological concern for many people, but in most cases they are harmless. However, it is essential to monitor any changes in the size, shape or color of spots on your skin with your dermatologist, as they can sometimes indicate underlying health conditions. Protecting your skin from excessive sun exposure , practicing good skin care habits, and consulting a doctor when necessary can help maintain healthy skin and reduce the appearance of blemishes. At GGcare we recommend using the colored, illuminating moisturizing cream as it provides hydration and regeneration. The color of this cream helps to unify skin tone and adapts to all skin tones, in addition to providing lighting that helps you look healthy. It has 20 SPF sun protection so your face will not be as affected by long-term sun exposure. If you have concerns about the spots on your skin, we recommend consulting a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment options.

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